1.0. Assignment of Case
Once the IU receives a case file from the CU, a brief secondary assessment process is conducted in order to weigh the priority of said case. This will depend on the following factors:
- Current workload/ongoing cases
- Complexity of the current/ongoing cases
- Complexity of the new case
- How much existing data is present (having been gathered by CU)
- Does the case necessitate immediate action, for example is any danger posed to certain individuals
2.0. Investigation (Case Building)
The investigation is a fact-finding process where various procedures and actions will take place, including but not limited to the following:
- An examination of the initial information/evidence gathered by the CU. There is likely to be further documentation needed which will be requested by the IU.
- Input of all information/evidence gathered into files/folders/systems.
- Setting up meetings/interviews with complainant and subjects in order to put forward specific questions as it relates to the investigation.
- Examination and analysis of information/evidence to identify further lines of enquiry
- Follow up on various lines of enquiry by use of official requests or warrants where necessary
- Conducting searches of premises, banks, etc. Where necessary, execute freezing orders or other types of orders.
The type of report to be produced will depend on the findings of the investigation.
3.1. Investigation Report
The Investigation Report will outline the methods used during the course of the investigation, detailing each step and the reasoning for it. The findings of the investigation will be provided in full detail and be supported by all of the relevant information that was gathered throughout.
If it is decided that the case merits a formal criminal prosecution, the report will be handed over to the Office of the Attorney General for further action and court proceedings.
If however, after the investigation, it is deemed that the case does not merit formal criminal procedures, two courses of action may be taken:
- Recommendation & Referral
The report will conclude with various recommendations. Recommendations will be put forward to the authority concerned, highlighting any issues arising which require immediate action by this authority. This is done with a view to preventing the same issues arising in the future.
In some instances, the case may have to be referred to another appropriate authority to take on the points which have been highlighted. This may occur in instances that corruption may not be present in its complete form, but certain malpractice and negligence has played a major role.
3.2. Closure Report
A Closure Report will be used in cases where, upon completion of an investigation, it is deemed that no further action is necessary. This would be in cases where the evidence obtained does not substantiate the allegations. Both the complainant and the subject of investigation will be informed of this decision.
4.0. Additional Notes
Where a complaint is made anonymously, it should contain enough detailed information to allow a proper evaluation and understanding of the case in hand. If there is no way to move forward with an anonymous complaint due to insufficient information or an inability to obtain further information, it will be closed. It is therefore advised that at least a phone number or email is provided for contact purposes.